Jabal Khandama is located just 1000 metres from the most sacred

space in Islam i.e. the Kaabah and the Al Haram Mosque. The land

which is 90.95 hectares provides great challenge to create a spatial

plan that meets the needs of an urban development while balancing to retain a topography that has become a memorable image for the city of Makkah.


The development concept of Jabal Khandama is inspired by the Barchan dune – a crescent-shaped sand ridge that forms under winds that blows from one direction. Barchan also originates from an old Turkish word that means “a chain of wooded mountains”.  Thus the mountainous land form of Jabal Khandama provides great opportunity to design an urban grid that respects the existing terrain and to create a metaphor that relates well with the natural setting of the area. Jabal Khandama is designed with great consideration that it

does not create another landmark or icon for the Makkah city. It

chooses to embrace Al Haram Mosque by ensuring that the

development heights complement to the heights of the minarets

of the Holy Mosque and that the highest levels of the site being

the limits for the development.


Jabal Khandama’s master plan has six key elements which when

combined makes the development special and unique. The key features of the Master Plan creates a strong identity to the city of Makkah and at the same time provides innovative solutions to resolve the site’s challenges.



Project Background:

International Conceptual Master Plan Competition (2nd Place)


Al-Fayadh Consulting Engineers & Planners


Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Rendered Services:

Master Planning & Urban Design


A large, crescent-shaped dune lying at right angles

to prevailing wind and having a steep, concave leeward side with the crescent tips pointing down wind. Barchan Dune forms on flat, hard surfaces where the sand supply is limited. They can reach up to 30m (98ft) and widths of 350m (1,148ft).